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Settlements along the Danube, near what is now the City of Vienna, can be traced back to the 5th century BC. These were of Celtic origin as is the name Vienna derived from the Celtic “Vedunia” for river in the woods. It was made residence of the Babenbergs and the city walls were raised in 1200. Vienna was to become the capital of the Habsburg empire for almost seven centuries. In 1278 the city fell to Rudolf of Habsburg, but had to compete for centuries with Prague, Linz and Graz as the imperial residence on account of its vulnerability to attack from the Turks, who first laid siege to it in 1529. In 1857, the city wall and its bastions were razed, and during the following years a boulevard - The Ringstrasse - encircling the city was created. Must see: Schönbrunn Palace Belvedere Palace, Kunsthistorisches Museum.
Vienna Cards and Transport